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Rocchetta Nervina

Welcome to the village of fairies ...

The medieval village of Rocchetta Nervina è lies on the slope of Mount Terca, on the confluence of the river Oggia with the creek Barbaira. The town is located just 13 km from the coast, behind Ventimiglia. This makes the climate appreciable, with medium temperatures almost constant throughout the years.
Its territory is a crossroad between the Ligurian "Alta Via dei Monti Liguri" and the path Balcone, which connects Sanremo with Nice and Menton. Studies carried out on the territory have allowed the discovery of pre-Roman reperts on the Abellio mountain. The mountain top is named after the god honored by the Celts and Ligurians. In Roman times, the village experienced a flourishing economic activity, related to the trade and to the agricultural production of the servants and colonies.
In certain areas, Roman coins had been found from different eras, portraying the Roman emperors Gordiano II and Gordiano III. The first documented news about Rocchetta Nervina appear in a medieval manuscript in 1186, where it is mentioned the village of Castrum Barbairae, named after the Rio Barbaira. In the document we learn about a rebellion led against the lord by the inhabitants, "Enrichetto" from the Counts of Ventimiglia, who was forced to run away, took refuge in his castle. In the thirty years ranging from 1348 to 1378 reprisals, raids and fires dominated the village because of the conflicts between the Genoese Doria family and the Rocchetta’s villagers. The Doria, Lords of the neighboring Dolceacqua, asked the possession of the village, but the hostility caused an extreme reaction: the village was completely ignited on fire.
In the fifteenth century the Savoy family restored the peace at Rocchetta. Then in 1559 he was given in fief to Doria, now vassal family of the Savoy family, to whom the Perrucca family was going to follow in 1732. The Rocchetta village obtained the communal independence in the eighteenth century, when it obtained free city of the Ligurian Republic. Then it followed the fate of the Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1815, and the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.



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